The Early Dynastic Period
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History of the
Dhakaani Empire
The Six Kingdoms
The Five Sovereigns
The First Dynastic Period
Vaal'ool Dynasty
Takec Dynasty
Kukaar Dynasties
Daan-Kukaar
Dagec-Kukaar
Shuulec Dekaar Period
Time of Warlords
The Early Dynastic Period
Har'daach Dynasty
Shuul'aagen Dynasty
First Shuul'aagen Dynasty
Rule of Vec'daar
Second Shuul'aagen Dynasty
The Incursion War
The Late Dynastic Period
Khar Dynasties The Red Kingdoms
Haal'khar Dynasty The Eastern Kingdoms
Dagec-Khar Dynasty The Green Kingdoms
The Western Wars
Oroch'dhech Dynasty
Taaluun Dynasty
The Raven States
Western Rhaguul Dynasty Kingdom of Lhekaan
Eastern Rhaguul Dynasty Zuul'dar Dynasty
The Daelkyr Wars
The First Daelkyr War
Ocral'dur Dynasty
The Second Daelkur War
Khragec Dynasty
The Third Daelkyr War
The Final Dynastic Period
Daac'or Dynasty
Makhaal Dynasty
Lahaas Uprising

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Har'daach Dynasty

The Har'daach Dynasty, lasting from 5885 to 5921 EC, was the first imperial dynasty to extend Dhakaani borders to the fullest extent they ever reached. The Har'daach state derived its name from its heartland in northern Targaask. The strength of the Har'daach state was greatly increased by the legalist reforms of Tac'Okuul of the Ghukaan'rac in the sixth millennium EC, during the Time of Warlords. In the early and mid fifth millennium EC, the Har'daach accomplished a series of swift conquests, first ending the powerless Kukaar Dynasty, and eventually destroying the remaining six states holding power over goblinoid territories and unifying them under a single dynasty for once.

During its reign over the goblinoid nations, the Har'daach Dynasty achieved increased trade, improved agriculture, and military security. This was due to the abolition of landowning lords, to whom peasants had formerly held allegiance. The central government now had direct control of the masses, giving it access to a much larger workforce. This allowed for the construction of ambitious projects, such as a series of strong fortresses along the northern border to protect against orcish raids. The Har'daach Dynasty also introduced several reforms: currency, weights and measures were standardized, and a better system of writing was established. An attempt to purge all traces of the old dynasties led to the infamous burning of books and burying of scholars incident, which has been criticized greatly by subsequent scholars. The Har'daach military was also revolutionary in that it used the most recently developed weaponry, transportation, magic, and tactics, though the government was heavy-handed and bureaucratic.

Despite its strong military power, the empire was short-lived. When the first Har'daach emperor died in 5905 EC, his son was placed on the throne by two of the previous emperor's advisers in an attempt to influence and control the administration of the entire dynasty through him. The advisors squabbled among themselves, however, which resulted in both their deaths and that of the second Har'daach emperor. Popular revolt broke out a few years later, and the weakened empire soon fell to a Shuntuur lieutenant, who went on to found the Shuul'aagen Dynasty. Despite its rapid end, the Har'daach Dynasty influenced future Dhakaani empires, particularly the Shuul'aagen, and the reforms that it set up continued for thousands of years.

Shuul'aagen Dynasties

The Shuul'aagen Dynasty (5921-6943 EC) was the second imperial dynasty of the Dhakaani territories, founded by the rebel leader Kaal Rhac, known posthumously as Emperor Hakuun ("First-Father") of Shuul'aagen. It was briefly interrupted by the Rule of Vec'daar (6437-6470 EC), an interregnum which separates the Shuul'aagen into two periods: the First Dynasty (5921-6437 EC) and the Second Dynasty (6475-6943 EC). Spanning over a thousand years, the period of the Shuul'aagen Dynasty is considered a golden age in Dhakaani history.

The Shuul'aagen Empire was divided into areas directly controlled by the central government, known as shuulkagaals (command-areas), and a number of semi-autonomous kingdoms. These kingdoms gradually lost all vestiges of their independence, particularly following the Rebellion of the Adamant Lords in 6045 EC resisting the centralizing of authority. The Zadiofen, a confederation of nomadic orcish tribes which dominated northern Tal'aakuul defeated the Shuul'aagen army in battle in 5935 EC. Following the defeat, a political exchange of heirs was negotiated in which the Shuul'aagen became the de facto inferior partner. When, despite the treaty, the Zadiofen continued to raid Dhakaani borders, Emperor Duun'or'mac (who ruled 5966-6077 EC) launched several military campaigns against them. The ultimate Shuul'aagen victory in these wars eventually forced the Zadiofen to accept vassal status as Shuul'aagen tributaries, the first of many subjugations of orcish people that led to an integration of both races which affected both cultures. These campaigns expanded Shuul'aagen sovereignty to the northern coast of Khorvaire, establishing the Dhakaani trade networks which spanned the continent and would not be achieved again until the days of Galifar's Kingdom.

The Shuul'aagen Dynasty was an age of economic prosperity and saw a significant growth of the money economy first established during the Kukaar Dynasties. The coinage issued by the central government mint in 6129 EC remained the standard Dhakaani coinage until the Taaluun Dynasty. To pay for its military campaigns and the settlement of newly conquered frontier territories, the government nationalized several private industries including iron and salt production in 6134EC.

These government monopolies were repealed during the Eastern Han period, and the lost revenue was recouped through heavily taxing private entrepreneurs. The emperor was at the pinnacle of Han society. He presided over the Han government but shared power with both the nobility and appointed ministers who came largely from the scholarly gentry class. From the reign of Emperor Wu onward, the Chinese court officially sponsored Confucianism in education and court politics, synthesized with the cosmology of later scholars such as Dong Zhongshu. This policy endured until the fall of the Qing Dynasty in 1911 CE. Science and technology during the Han period saw significant advances, including papermaking, the nautical steering rudder, the use of negative numbers in mathematics, the raised-relief map, the hydraulic-powered armillary sphere for astronomy, and a seismometer employing an inverted pendulum.

First Shuul'aagen Dynasty

The Shuul'aagen Dynasty emerged with the ascension of Kaal'rhac, proclaimed emperor in 5921 EC. It was the first dynasty to embrace the philosophy of Shuukoleken ("Fluidity in Though"), a tolerance and acceptance of all religious beliefs depending on the situation, which became the ideological underpinning of all regimes until the end of the Dhakaani Empire. Under the Shuul'aagen Dynasty, Dhakaan made great advances in many areas of the arts and sciences. The emperors consolidated and extended the Dhakaani empire from the plains of Tal'aakuul and the rocky shores of Shuugac to the wilds of Dalaan and the frontier steppes of Dekhuul'daal, wresting territory from the orcs, halflings, goliaths, and dragonborn. This enabled the first trade routes across Khorvaire, but also enabled Dhakaani influence to dominate other lands.

Rule of Vec'daar

Nevertheless, land acquisitions by elite families gradually drained the tax base. In 6437 EC, the usurper Vec'daar claimed that the spirits of the Five Sovereigns called for the end of the Shuul'aagen Dynasty and their Shuukoleken policy and the rise of his own apotheistic dynasty. Vec'daar started an extensive program of land and other economic reforms, including the outlawing of slavery and land nationalization and redistribution. These programs, however, were never supported by the landholding families, because they favored the peasants. In addition, the people had become used to Shuukoleken and its removal alienated not only the Merlaac Taer deists and other minor cults, but open-minded apotheists who resented being targets of their neighbors' animosity. The instability brought about chaos and uprisings, which led to the loss of some of the territories which the Shuul'aagen predecessors had accrued. This was compounded by mass flooding in Akhaac and a series of harsh winters which displaced large numbers of farmers. Vec'daar was eventually killed in his palace by an enraged peasant mob in 6470 EC.

Second Shuul'aagen Dynasty

Emperor Hokuun reinstated the Shuul'aagen Dynasty with the support of landholding and merchant families at Rhaguron in western Akhaac. This new era would be termed the Second Shuul'aagen Dynasty by later historians (including Dhakaani historians of later eras) but at the time the emperors strongly enforced the interpretation that they had always been the rightful rulers and that Vec'daar was a usurper only. Shuul'aagen power was initially strong, but declined again amidst land acquisitions, invasions, and feuding between clans and local governors. After 6636 EC, the imperial priests increasingly involved themselves in court politics, engaging in violent power struggles between the various goblinoid lineages which led to the long-term downfall of the Shuul'aagen emperors.

The immediate cause was the Red Hand Rebellion, which broke out in 6857 EC and ushered in an era of warlords and a sudden infestation of demon-cults among the Dhakaani. In the ensuing turmoil, three states tried to gain predominance in the period of the Three Kingdoms. This term is preferred by Dhakaani historians, though modern scholars prefer "Incursion War" because of the important first appearance of daelkyric forces. Though this appearance was little-appreciated at the time, it is seen as the beginning of the end of Dhakaani society in the larger scheme.

Incursion War

Kingdom Capital City Dates (EC)
Oraaguun Ghaalduun 6965 - 7087
Shalkhaan Ja'shaarat 6943 - 7051
Tuun'tach Ogaakhaal 6945 - 7046

The Incursion War or Three Kingdoms period was the period in Dhakaani history following the loss of de facto power of the Shuul'aagen Dynasty rulers. This period saw the first appearance of the daelkyr who launched several attacks through open manifest zone fissures in Khyber. In a strict academic sense the Incursion War was a series of conflicts that occurred from around 6940 EC to around 6985 EC, though many historians (both modern and contemporary) use this term to refer to the period between the foundation of the state of Shalkhaan in 6943 EC and the conquest of the state of Oraaguun by the Khar military in 7087 EC.  Many Dhakaani historians and laymen also extend the starting point of this period back to the Red Hand Rebellion in 6857 EC.
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The Three Kingdoms of this period were Oraaguun, Shalkaan, and Tuun'tach, states which grabbed power during the chaos of the fall of the Shuul'aagen emperor. The term "Three Kingdoms" itself is something of a mistranslation, since each state was eventually headed not by kings, but by an emperor who claimed legitimate succession from the Shuul'aagen Dynasty, but the translation "Three Empires" has not gained much traction among dhakaanologists. After the instability introduced by the Red Hand Rebellion, the people had lost faith in imperial power and riots were seen throughout the empire. At the same time, strange monsters and twisted creatures from the depths of the world were seen and taken as divine or ancestral condemnation of the Shuul'aagen rulers for their impotence to control them. As the three successors made their claims to power, the Dhakaani began to realize that the twisted abominations from Khyber were not mindless fiends but a concentrated attack. The countryside in many areas became overrun by daelkyric beasts and each of the Three Kingdoms effectively retreated its borders so that the Dhakaani state was not at all contiguous during this time.

Initially, the Three Kingdoms fought each other as much as the dealkyr but by the middle of the Incursion War period, between 6975 EC and 7046 EC, the region had become more militarily stable.  By 7046 EC, the effectiveness of byeshk was known to the Dhakaani military and huge amounts of it were harvested and brought to Dhakaani lands by the goliaths and orcs in the west. The eastern state of Oraaguun received the least byeshk support and struggled the most so that the military final grabbed power in a coup that led to the creation of the Khar Dynasties. The other kingdoms were in little shape to fight another war and succumbed to the military machine that the Jorek'khar bugbears leading the coup had created in Oraaguun. After this bloody period, imperial censuses indicate that the Dhakaani population has been decreased by nearly a third through a combination of the fighting, famines, and (most rarely) flight to foreign lands.

Although relatively short, the Incursion War period has been greatly romanticised in Dhakaani literature. It has been celebrated and popularised in many genres as a period of struggle and perseverance, as well as one of cultural and religious diversity and heroism. Especially compared to the later Daelkyr Wars, the Incursion War was a serious and widespread affair but one which the Dhakaani goblins overcame and prospered afterwards. The best known of depiction of this period is Dogaal Kuun's Mec'tuugac ordaan Daan Olkegaan ("High Swordsmen" or "High Knights of the Three Kingdoms"), a Daac'or Dynasty romaniticized history based on events during the Incursion War. The authoritative historical record of the era is Shaac'tuun's Daan Shuul'kec ("The Three Emperors"), along with Haarukaal the Red's later annotations of the text.

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